About Infertility



Infertility is defined as not being able to father a child after twelve months of regular sexual intercourse. This is without the use of contraception. It merely means trouble is getting pregnant.

There are two types of infertility, the primary and secondary infertility. Primary infertility is when a couple has never been able to conceive a child. While secondary infertility means that a couple has a child before, but is having a hard time trying to get another pregnant.

Causes of infertility often arise from physical problems in a man or reproductive system of the woman. In women, infertility is usually caused by hormonal deficiencies problems in reproductive organs and certain diseases such as pelvic inflammatory disease, diabetes and even high blood pressure. It can also be caused by lifestyle habits such as drinking alcohol, smoking, poor diet and stress.

Causes Of Infertility

Infertility In Man
  • Hormone disturbance
  • Smoking
  • Azoospermia: no sperm in the ejaculate
  • Oligospermia: low concentrations of sperm in the ejaculate
  • Asthenospermia: sperm are present but can't swim normally
  • Teratospermia: a high proportion of abnormally-shaped sperm
  • Retrograde ejaculation: the tube through which sperm normally travel is blocked and sperm may      end up in the bladder
  • Excessive alcohol

Infertility In Woman
  • Age
  • Chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
  • Damaged ovaries
  • Blocked fallopian tubes
  • Hypothyroidism (a thyroid disorder)
  • Endometriosis (a condition where cells from the womb lining are found outside the womb)
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Frequent changes in weight
  • Scarring in the uterus




Male infertility is a health problem that occurs in the man and actually reduces the chance of his female partner becoming pregnant. About 13 in 100 couples cannot get pregnant. There are many causes of infertility in both men and women. In more than a third of cases of infertility, the problem lies with the man. This is usually due to problems with sperm production or seed delivery.

Causes :

In male infertility, the main purpose of infertility lies in the quality of the sperm. Not enough sperm cells are produced (oligozoospermia), or there are no sperm cells at all (azoospermia), which significantly reduces the chance of fertilization. But even if the sperm cells are produced in sufficient quantities, they may not be sufficiently motile (asthenozoospermia), or have an abnormal form (teratozoospermia).


If you do not get pregnant quickly, it does not mean that you are dealing with infertility. Research has shown that half of the couples just at the wrong time of the month try to conceive a child. (The optimal period for fertilization is between 4 days before ovulation and 2 days after.) Many women also think they are infertile because they have been making love for months without any result. You can not draw that conclusion so quickly. You can only say that there is infertility after extensive research by a general practitioner and gynecologist. In healthy couples who are trying to conceive, the woman will usually become pregnant within a year. If it takes a while, you generally do not have to worry about anything. Only if you try to conceive for more than a year in vain, it is advisable to make an appointment with the doctor.

Causes of infertility in women: In women, infertility can have multiple purposes. Most fertility problems in women are caused by issues with ovaries, obstruction of the fallopian tubes or endometriosis.